Lymphoma is a malignant tumor, most often characterized by a lesion of the lymph nodes, less commonly of lymphatic vessels. With timely detection and modern treatment, the prognosis for patients is favorable (five-year survival rate is very high and achieves 95%, and sometimes even higher).
In Moscow, the multidisciplinary Center «Medicine 24/7» deals with the early diagnosis of this condition and its therapy. In order not to miss the moment of the development of the disease and start treatment in a timely manner, you should carefully study and remember the symptoms of lymphoma, and if at least one is suspicious, do not delay the visit to the doctor. You can enroll in the Medical Center «Medicine 24/7» at any time. The success of treatment of lymphoma depends on how quickly the disease was detected and its treatment started.
The causes of the development of such tumors are varied:
- autoimmune disorders in which the own immune cells fight with their own cells of the body;
- stem cell transplant;
- a number of viruses — first of all, it is a family of herpes viruses;
- prolonged contact with carcinogens or hazardous radiation energy;
- infection with Helicobacter pylori (the immediate cause of peptic ulcer).
Also a likely risk factor is considered to be constant contact with chemicals and medicines, for example, in the pharmaceutical or other industries where toxic substances can be used. Separately, the likelihood of developing lymphoma, due to heredity. If the next of kin was diagnosed with this disease — it makes sense to pay more attention to the regular examination of the state of the lymphatic system.
Lymphoma is, unfortunately, a diagnosis mainly of young people (up to 35–40 years old).
From the histological point of view, there are 2 types of lymphomas:
- Hodgkin’s neoplasms, or Hodgkin’s lymphoma granulomatosis (occurs most often). Their distinguishing feature is typical giant cells.
- non-Hodgkin neoplasms — all other lymphomas
Accurately determine the type of lymphoma is possible only through histological examination. The prognosis, duration and means of treatment will depend on this.
Usually, the second question, after determining the type of lymphoma (Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin), is to determine the degree of its aggressiveness. The less aggressive is the tumor, the more favorable the prognosis and method of its treatment. Accordingly, the more aggressive the pathology, the faster the treatment should begin.